List Of Digestive Enzymes: What Is Their Functions?

in Enzymes

Having a list of digestive enzymes may sometime come in handy for those that are experiencing digestive related problems. This way they will know which enzyme supplement they will take after eating foodstuffs that causes problems. The activity of the enzymes starts from the moment we place the food in our mouth and moves down to the stomach and is completed in the small intestine. These enzymes break down carbohydrates, proteins and fats and make it into a usable form for our body.

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The Different Enzymes and Their Functions 

The list of digestive enzymes and their respective function are broken down according to the area where they are produced according to order are the mouth, the stomach, the pancreas and the small intestine. The enzymes that can be found in the mouth are:

  • Amylase – changes starch into soluble sugars
  • Betaine –  maintains cell fluid balance inside the mouth
  • Bromelaine – acts as an anti inflammatory agent that softens meat
  • Lysozyme – has antibacterial action
  • Ptyalin – changes starch to simpler soluble sugars

The gastric enzymes that can be found in the stomach are:

  • Gastric amylase – breaks down starch
  • Gastric lipase – breaks down butter fat
  • Gelatinase – breaks down gelatin and collagen in the form of proteoglycans in meat
  • Pepsin – breaks down protein into smaller peptides
  • Rennin -  converts liquid milk into solid particles that will be made useful for the system

The digestive enzymes in the pancreas are:

  • Carboxypeptidase – converts proteins into amino acids
  • Chymotrypsin  - switches proteins into aromatic amino acids
  • Elastases – breaks down the protein, elastin
  • Nucleases – alters nucleic acids to nucleosides and nucleotides
  • Pancreatic amylase – converts carbohydrates to simpler sugars
  • Steapsin – converts triglycerides into fatty acids and glycerol
  • Trypsin – stitches proteins into basic amino acids

The enzymes that are found in the small intestine are:

  • Isomaltase -  switches maltose to isomaltose
  • Lactase – converts lactos to galactose and glucose
  • Maltase – changes maltose to glucose
  • Sucrase – changes sucrose to monosaccharides and disaccharides 

The Classification Of Enzymes

The following are the 4 groups according to the main function:

  1. Amylolytic Eznyme – carbohydrate and starch into simple sugars
  2. Lipolytic Enzyme – fats into fatty acids and glycerol
  3. Nucleolytic Enzyme – nucleic acids into nucleotides
  4. Proteolytic Enzyme - proteins into amino acids

These are the list of digestive enzymes that you can learn a lot from. 

Now Pay Close Attention Here: This Way To a Healthier Digestion 

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This article was published on 2011/08/19